Fibromyalgia, an invisible disease

Fibromyalgia, an invisible disease

My name is Virginia Beatriz Castillo Rodríguez. About 5 years ago I was diagnosed with a disease that has no cure, called Fibromyalgia (FM) It made me depressed because I didn't know what it was, I had never heard this name before, nor did I know that such a disease existed.

But they will ask what is fibromyalgia?1

Recognized by the WHO in 1992. It is classified with the code M79.7 of the International Classification of Diseases. Is a chronic condition and complex that causes widespread non-articular pain, deep exhaustion and also a variety of others symptom. He pain and sensitivity tend to come and go, and they feel throughout the body. Very often, people who suffer from this disease They have trouble sleeping. The diagnosis is made through a careful examination and is characterized by painful sensation at the pressure of specific sensitive points.

The pain points of fibromyalgia are:

- Occiput: insertions of the suboccipital muscle.

- Lower cervical: anterior aspect of the intertransverse spaces C5-C7.

- Trapeze: midpoint of the upper margin.

- Supraspinatus: originally, above the scapula.

- Second rib: second costochondral junction.

- Lateral epicondyle: 2 cm distal to the lateral epicondyle.

- Buttock: upper outer quadrant of the buttock.

- Trochanter major: after the prominence of the trochanter.

- Knee: adipose cushion of the inner side of the knee, close to the joint.

Image: Webconsultations.

2010 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) diagnostic criteria for fibromyalgia:

1.- Pain and symptoms present during the previous week, based on the total of:

- Amount of sore areas in 19 body parts.

- Plus a level of severity of these symptoms:

a) tiredness;

b) wake up tiredly;

c) cognitive problems (memory or thinking);

- More other general physical symptoms.

2.- Symptoms that remain at least three months at a similar level.

3.- There is no other health problem that could explain the pain and the other symptoms.

Image: RTVE.es

What causes pain?

The human body has mechanisms that usually protect it against pain. If these mechanisms did not exist, we would constantly be aware of our body and our muscles and joints. It is considered that in people affected by fibromyalgia these mechanisms have an abnormal functioning, which causes an increase in the perception of pain. A small overload on a part of the body is enough to notice painful sensations. Thus, we are faced with a nervous system disorder; specifically, of the mechanisms that process the painful stimuli, which give rise to an extremely low pain threshold.

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