The human being from its beginnings is afraid, afraid of the darkness on those nights of the beginning of time when, because he could not see clearly, he could not explain what was beyond his weak senses. From that moment the fear arises to the unknown, to what there is where the understanding is not enough to understand.
Horror or terror as the genre is best known in Latin America is born of the same need to explain these phenomena that are unintelligible, but so tangible in the minds of our fellow human beings. Phenomena so recurrent that we are normal in countries like Mexico with our dead that we celebrate year after year and that constant mockery of everything and everyone including the same death.
Tales of supernatural events such as ghosts, vampires and other monsters out of the most hidden part of the human psyche, but in the same way tales of murderers, psychopaths and endless characters that can very well be that human who walks without us knowing it by our side as loud as anyone.
It is also important to highlight what separates us from horror in other parts of the world as the famous magical realism that despite not having been properly coined in Latin America, if it develops enormously in these latitudes to the point of being adopted as proper to our culture given the sense of taking the magical as something natural within the reality that is lived day by day in our customs and in itself so full of that mysticism that surrounds us within the everyday.
Among its most recognized exponents we can count Juan Rulfo with his "Pedro Páramo" which is considered one of the most important works in Spanish, it has been translated into almost 30 languages and has even come to be rated as one of the best novels in Spanish. When Juan Preciado decides to go to Comala to look for his father Pedro Páramo, he realizes that things in that almost abandoned town could be much scarier than facing the man who had given him his life. The more you enter Comala, discover people who help you and tell your story. Writers such as Gabriel García Márquez, Carlos Fuentes and Jorge Luis Borges have expressed Rulfo's great Atino with his debut opera.
Carlos Fuentes with "Aura" novel with which he won the Cervantes prize, belonging to the Latin American boom in which writers in the region were recognized by the rest of the world. Where Felipe Montero arrives at Donceles 815 to work on the translation of some texts for Consuelo Llorente. It is a job with an extraordinary pay, which he always dreamed of. There is only one condition: Felipe must move to the old woman's home. Suddenly, the young man discovers a beautiful woman who also lives there; From that moment, your life changes.
This type of narrative even influences non-Latin authors such as Bruno Traven With his novel "Macario" where a humble character has a fervent desire to eat a turkey by himself and when fulfilled he also obtains powers over life and death living adventures outside of the ordinary.
It is also worth mentioning other more recent authors such as Laura Esquivel with “Como agua para chocolate” where Mexican cuisine presents us as a pretext to review the time of the revolution and its customs within family and interpersonal relationships impregnated all of a magical realism with chocolate flavor.
And what about Isabel Allende with "The House of Spirits" where we are presented with the history of a family through four generations, framed in the historical development of the Chilean dictatorship and the magical nature of the protagonists.
Among the famous authors for their horror narrative and stories we can mention Horacio Quiroga and his story "The feather cushion" that tells the story of a young couple who just married; However, the woman falls ill without being able to get up from her bed. The event is inexplicable since before that happened everything was going well. “The guest” of Amparo Dávila who teaches us the horror of having a guest by force in his own home without being able to do anything about it and without even knowing what kind of guest we are talking about or Rubén Darío and “Thanatopia”, whose protagonist He faces a stepmother whose soul is doomed to vampirism as well as that of her father who because of her blind love does not know or does not want to accept this situation.
We also have writers who may not be so popular, but they promise to excel in this tide that drag us incessantly from one side to the other, sometimes leaving us on the side of enthusiastic and eager readers of good stories and many others moving us away from them by depositing us. In literary abandonment. As a clear example we have Ana María Vázquez with her book “Pan de muerto” that gives us a story full of necrophilia and love once again with the celebration of the day of the dead as a framework and finally and without showing off the authors of books with whom I have participated in some anthologies of the genre that concerns us with titles such as “Necrópolia”, an independent publisher book compiled by Lourdes Castañón or “Words in the fog” of the Spanish publisher Verbum.